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The anatomy of fanaticism and hatred

Leonidas Donskis
George Orwell: The anatomy of fanaticism and hatred
what is the origin of fanaticism? Orwell, as well as several other perceptive writers, pointed to the general uncertainty and failure to understand what is really happening in the world as an inciting invitation, extended to the most confused, scared, or frustrated modern individuals, to cling to lunatic beliefs. The fact generally acknowledged by all major social philosophers and sociologists of today is that modernity destroyed the old certainties without providing any new workable, normative, prescriptive, and imperative designs of selfhood. To create such a design of selfhood for oneself, without any assistance from an observable and unshakably reliable source, such as solid cultural tradition or enduring and change-immune faith, seems unbearably difficult, if not impossible, for those who are not at home in a world of modern self-making and self-discovery. Hence, a desperate need for beliefs, theories, or practices that promise to fight uncertainty and also to revive the neglected symbols and forgotten values.

[via koška] Donskio paskaitos kas savaitę? nebllogai. :)


jioh, katedra atsisake mane ten prisubscribinti motyvuodama kreditu pertekliumi, vienok niekas nedraudzia sedeti auditorijoje.